The Real Responsibilities' Of Ulama's

1.Presenting The Signs Of Allah

In Quran Allah Has Mentioned Three Important Tasks For The Religious Scholars That;

هُوَ الَّذِي بَعَثَ فِي الْأُمِّيِّينَ رَسُولًا مِنْهُمْ يَتْلُو عَلَيْهِمْ آيَاتِهِ وَيُزَكِّيهِمْ وَيُعَلِّمُهُمُ الْكِتَابَ وَالْحِكْمَةَ وَإِنْ كَانُوا مِنْ قَبْلُ لَفِي ضَلَالٍ مُبِينٍ {2}

He It Is Who Raised Among The Inhabitants Of Mecca An Messenger From Among Themselves, Who Recites To Them His Communications And Purifies Them, And Teaches Them The Book And The Wisdom, Although They Were Before Certainly In Clear Error

First Duty Is To Recite The Verses (in Literary Sense) I.e. Signs Of Allah. In This Universe The Verses Of Allah Are In Words And Also In Visual Form. Like In One Village There Are Many Signs Of God, And The Scholar’s Duty Is To Present These Signs Of Allah To Them Like Fields, Wheat, Water, Clay, Fertility Etc. Which Are All Signs Of Allah. Some Lands Are Fertile And Some Parts Are Barren. We See That Sometimes Some Parts Of Earth Become Salty I.e. The Salt Comes On This Land No Matter How Much Seed You Put, Nothing Will Grow. Whereas The Nearby Field Is Growing Sugarcane, Bananas But This Part Of Land Where There Is Whiteness And Salt Nothing Grows Here And This Is Among The Signs Of Allah.

In Front Of Our Eyes There Are Two Books Open, The Duty Of An Alim Is To Teach Both Books. He Should Tell A Few People That Our Bodies Are Also Like Two Fields, If We Develop Bitterness (salt) In Us Then No Preaching Or Guidance Affects Us And If No Truth Enters Inside Us Then No Seed Will Ever Grow In Us, But Anyone Who Doesn’t Have This Stubbornness In Him The Truth Will Enter Easily. Now If We See From These Perspectives A Scholar Of Religion If He Is A True Recognizer Of The Signs Of Allah Then It’s Very Easy For Him To Recite These Ayats. Similarly, Wheat Is A Sign Of God. Nutrition, Nourishment, Taste, Sweetness, And All Those Things That A Man Eatswhich Are Good Tasting Are All Made From Wheat. The Wheat Comes From The Ground, Right In Front Of Our Eyes Allah Grows This Plant From The Clay And It Has So Much Purity In It, Similarly Allah Has Said That I Made Humans From Clay Too;

وَلَقَدْ خَلَقْنَا الْإِنْسَانَ مِنْ سُلَالَةٍ مِنْ طِينٍ

And Certainly We Created Man Of An Extract Of Clay

We Created Man From This Clay And Then We Placed Him At Different Places. These Are Verses Of Quran So We Should Recite Them, These Signs Are All Books Of Guidance, These Villages Are Books Of Guidance, These Fields Are Books Of Guidance, And These Streams And Canals Are Books Of Guidance, If We Anyone Ponders.

2.Purification Of Society

  1. هُوَ الَّذِي بَعَثَ فِي الْأُمِّيِّينَ رَسُولًا مِنْهُمْ يَتْلُو عَلَيْهِمْ آيَاتِهِ وَيُزَكِّيهِمْ وَيُعَلِّمُهُمُ الْكِتَابَ وَالْحِكْمَةَ وَإِنْ كَانُوا مِنْ قَبْلُ لَفِي ضَلَالٍ مُبِينٍ {2}

He It Is Who Raised Among The Inhabitants Of Mecca An Messenger From Among Themselves, Who Recites To Them His Communications And Purifies Them, And Teaches Them The Book And The Wisdom, Although They Were Before Certainly In Clear Error

The First Role Of The Scholar Is To Recite The Verses Of Allah, And Second Role Is To First Purify And Cleanse (spiritually) Himself And Then Do The Same To Others

3.Education Of The Book And Wisdom

هُوَ الَّذِي بَعَثَ فِي الْأُمِّيِّينَ رَسُولًا مِنْهُمْ يَتْلُو عَلَيْهِمْ آيَاتِهِ وَيُزَكِّيهِمْ وَيُعَلِّمُهُمُ الْكِتَابَ وَالْحِكْمَةَ وَإِنْ كَانُوا مِنْ قَبْلُ لَفِي ضَلَالٍ مُبِينٍ {2}

He It Is Who Raised Among The Inhabitants Of Mecca An Messenger From Among Themselves, Who Recites To Them His Communications And Purifies Them, And Teaches Them The Book And The Wisdom, Although They Were Before Certainly In Clear Error

The Third Role Is To Teach The Book Of Allah And Wisdom. For Education And Upbringing, The Younger The Age Of A Person The Better It Is. Usually In The Majalis Old People Are Sitting, And They Say About Older People That First Of All They Don’t Listen, And If They Do Listen They Don’t Agree, And Even If They Agree They Don’t Change. They Say About Parrots, That Old Parrots Seldom Speak, Parrots Do Speak But The Process Of Teaching The Parrot Of How To Speak Starts At A Very Early Age When It Is A Chick.

Allah Has Fixed An Age For Learning, The Age Of Learning Is The Initial Age. The One Who Learns At An Early Age Of Childhood Has Better Chances To Change Himself, The Ones Who Learn And Change Even After They Are Grown Up Have Special Blessings Of Allah On Them Otherwise The Best Age For Education And Proper Upbringing Is The Early Age. Hence It’s Fine To Preach To Old People But We Should Have Less Expectation Of Change From Them, If They Understand Its Fine, But If They Don’t Then There Is No Solution To This Problem, Hence We Shouldn’t Keep Any Expectation Of Change From Them At That Point.

4.Days Of Childhood Are Days Of Upbringing

Imam JaffarSadiq (as) Says That; "AllaikaBilAehdaas"

Pay Attention To The Children Because They Are Empty Fields, The One Who Sows The Seed First Then This Field Belongs To Him. If An Ignorant Comes First And Puts The Seed In This Field Then This Field Will Belong To Him, But If An Alim Comes And Sows The Seed Of The Straight Path Then This Field Will Be His. Hence According To The Principles And Rules Of Education And Upbringing We Must Bring The Younger Generation Under Our Wings. As Many Young Children; Be It Boys Or Girls That Live In An Area The Scholars Of That Area Should Take Them Under Their Supervision And Spend As Much Time As Possible On The Education Of These Kids. The Young Scholars Can Do This Much Better Since They Have A Lot Of Energy Still In Them, And The Older Scholars Can Also Do Their Part Of Educating Younger Generations Subject To Their Energies And Health. They Can Teach Each Person Of The Village But Must Pay Special Attention To The Young Ones, The One Who Are In The 5-15 Years Of Age Group, Because This Is The Perfect Age For Learning So They Should Work On This Generation As Much As They Possibly Can.

5.System Needed For Education

The Scholars Should Make A Complete System Of Education And Upbringing For The Kids And Should Make Proper Arrangements For Implementing It. Some Believers Have Started The Education Work In Different Areas, Like One Brother Started This Process With The Name Of “Madaris E Imamia” In Karachi, Which Was A Very Good Effort, When We Requested Him That He Should Spread This Effort All Over Pakistan Since This Is Needed In The Whole Country, So With Grace Of Allah This Great Process And Structure Is Spreading Now In The Whole Country. The Real Task Is Of The Learned People Among Us, The Teachers The Students, It’s Their Task To Fulfil Their Responsibilities. The Scholars Should Take The Responsibility Of This Nation’s Kids, The Kids Who Go To School Or Those Who Don’t, However They Are, They Should Take Them Under Our Guidance And Supervision By Any Which Way We Can. They Should Cultivate Good Personalities Out Of Them, Give Them Direction, Give Them Education And In The Process Show Them Your Own Talents. There Are Some Scholars Who Are Very Talented And Through This Talent They Can Do Tremendous Work. We Have Seen In Some Areas That There Are Scholars Present Or Even The Prayer Leaders That Have Done Revolutionary Work In Their Limited Areas. They Have Created Such A Divine Atmosphere For Men, Women And Children Alike That Is Very Pleasing To See.

6.The Result Of Bearing The Pain Along With Preaching

Imam Khomeini (ra) Says That If You Go Somewhere Where You See A Lot Of Good People, Then Be Convinced That This Is A Work Of Some Good Alim-e-Deen I.e. It Is The Result Of Hard Work Of Some Scholar That People Are Nice, And If You Go Somewhere And You See People Are Sinful, Gamblers, Drunkards, Then You Should Know That An Immoral Scholar Must Have Passed Through Them Or Lived Amongst Them, Or Someone Has Lived Here But Never Educated Or Guided Them To The Right Path. Today When We Go To Different Towns And Cities, At Some Places We Are Delighted To See That Some Scholars Have Worked Day And Night And With All Shortcomings And Dangers They Have Turned The Whole Village Or Area Into An Educational Hub. Inside Sindh We Offered Juma Prayers At A Mosque And That Village Was Of Ahl-e-Sunnat Too, There Was A School Present That Was Not Made Of Bricks, We Were Told That No One Came Here Before For Learning, But When A Primary School Teacher Was Transferred In That Area, He Convinced The Local People To Start Sending Their Children To The School. So The People Who Were Laborers And The One Who Were Always Working In The Field, They Persuaded Their Children Towards School, And Then This School Teacher Built A Mosque Too With His Own Hands And There Was A Lot Of Spiritualty And Meaningfulness In That Small Mosque.

When We Realized That This Person Has Worked So Hard, First He Convinced The Kids To Come To School, Then Slowly He Convinced The Elders To Come To The Mosque, His Wife Also Lived With Him Who Started Teaching And Educating The Religion To The Women Of The Village And The Whole Village Converted To The Shia Religion. All Because Of An Effort Of One School Teacher. When We Met That Teacher We Were So Delighted And Happy That One Teacher Accomplished So Much That Not Even Big And Skilled Religious Scholars Could Achieve. This Was The Blessing And Ability Of Allah That Allah Gave To Him. We Have Worked So Hard But Have Not Been Able To Convert One Person To Shi’ism, But He Converted The Whole Village, Why? Because He Had Pain In His Heart That Revolutionized The Whole Village, We Are Sure There Are More Examples Like This At Other Places Too.

7.The Skills Of A Teacher

The Teacher Should Keep Himself Ready. The Government Always Arranges Special Teaching Courses For Teachers Every Couple Of Years, The Teachers Are Given Special Teaching Courses In The Beginning Of Their Careers Too, But This Process Is Also Repeated After 2-3 Years So That Their Teaching Skills Can Stay Sharp And Up To The Mark. Without Preparedness Nothing Gets Accomplished. Sometimes We Say That We Have Studied Religion And Teaching Seems Very Easy, But When A Person Starts Then A Lot Of Complications Come In Front. This Kid Doesn’t Understand, He Doesn’t Come On Time, He Doesn’t Pay Attention Etc. These Are Practical Problems That A Person Faces. Here The Instructor Gets Worried That I Myself Studied Very Well In The School And Accomplished A Lot, But How Do I Make These Children Understand? Because All Kids Are Different, Some Are Mischievous, Others Are Dull Minded, Some Of Them Are Very Sharp, Some Of Them Listen And Some Don’t. Some Of Them Are Spoiled Kids, Spoiled By Their Families, And Some Of Them Are Very Composed. All Of Them Come To The Class To Learn Religion.

The Teacher Should Have This Skill About How To Control Them? To Teach Is One Thing, And To Tame Is Another. Often We Start Beating The Mischievous Kids And They Become More Spoiled, The Teacher Should Have The Formula To Judge, Usually These Mischievous Kids Are Actually More Smart Then The Rest Of The Bunch. A Child That Doesn’t Do Any Mischief, Doesn’t Make Any Noise, And Seems Very Calm Usually We Like Them To The Ones That Are Silent Because They Are Not Trouble Makers, But That Kid Is Usually More Intelligent Than This Child, The One Who Is Naughty. This Child Who Is Intelligent But Naughty, The Teacher Should Have The Skill To Mold Him And Take The Mischief Out Of Him And Turn Him Into A Best Human Being. If We Work Hard On This Naughty Child, He Has More Potential Than The Silent One; The Mischievous One We Grill And Throw Away From The Class And Tell Him Not To Come From Tomorrow Is Actually A Great Asset. But If The Teacher Doesn’t Have These Judgmental Skills He Gets Scared Immediately. We Should Pay More Attention To Those Who Are Naughty, And Then There Are Kids That Have Some Sort Of Difficulty With Them, Like Inferiority Complex, Fear, Or Some Reluctance, So The Teacher Should Have Psychological And Analytical Skills Too That Which Child Has What Kind Of Personality And They Should Be Taught And Handled Accordingly.

One More Thing That Is Important For The Teacher Is That You Teach Something To The Children, And The Atmosphere At Their House Could Be Totally Opposite Of What You Taught Them. When A Child Comes To You, You Groom His Mind With Positive Things But At Home His Mother Swears, Father Swears, And Brothers And Sisters Swear. So To Address This Problem The Teacher Should Take Some Time Out On A Weekly Basis To Spend Some Time With Their Families And Guide Them Gently Towards Good, As A Matter Of Fact One Of The Main Principles Of Teaching Is To Most Importantly Teach The Parents Also Along With The Kids. This Modern System Of Teaching Adheres To This Principle. They Call The Parents Numerous Times In A Year And Thus Their Children Are Able To Learn Properly. Because Until And Unless The Parents Are Not In Sync With The System Of The Child, The Child Can Never Learn Properly. So The Teacher Should Take Some Interest In The Households Of The Children Too, And Guide Them That Correct Atmosphere Of The Home Should Be Like This, So Whatever The Child Learns At School Doesn’t End At Home. There Are Children Present Who Have Actually Turned Around The Complete Way Of Life At Their Homes.

8.Making Children The Source Of Guidance For Parents 

A Good Practice Has Started In Pakistan That Some People Try To Set Up Educational Workshops For Children During The Summer Vacation. The Kids That Come To These Camps Sometimes Completely Change Their Households Positively. When These Kids Go Back To Their Homes After Being Fully Trained, A Lot Of Parents Have Come To Us Saying That Their Children Have Turned Around The Complete Household. Even Little Kids Have Eliminated Filth From Their Homes E.g. If The Mother Swore Or Cursed, The Child Stopped Her Telling That This A Sin And Messenger Of Allah(s.a.w.s) Will Get Angry. The Mother Got Impressed By This Act Of The Child That This Young Kid Is Stopping Me From Sin. Similarly, One Child Asked His Father That You Do  this Certain Act In Your Business, The Father Said Yes, So The Child Replied But This Is Bribery Which Is Forbidden (Haraam) In Islam, And We Have Heard That Whoever Eats Haraam Can Never Be A Follower Of Ahlulbayt (a.s). Just Like Imam Hussain (as) Had Said In His Sermon Of Karbala, I Know Why You Don’t Listen To Me Because You Have Haraam In Your Stomachs. The Kids Are Stopping The Parents, So The Kids Should Be Made A Source Of Guidance For Parents Also.

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