Different Types Of Information From Infallibles

In Order To Be Aware Of The True Position And Status Of Ziarat-e-Ashura, Which Is The Sub- Ject Of This Book, We Need To Have Some Prerequisite Discussions Discussions So That We At Least Know What We Are Talking About? There Are Certain Things That Have Come Down To Us From The Infallibles Like Our Traditions, Traditions And The Narrations, Which We Find In The Books Of Traditions And Narrations. Even If These Books Are Of No Concern To You, You Get Familiar With At Least The Names Of The Books Of Traditions. There Are Four Reliable Books Of Traditions Compiled By The Shia Scholars Based On The Traditions Of The Holy Imams (a.s) And Prophet (s.a.w.s). It Is From This Collection Of Particular Traditions That Topics And Sub- Jects Relating To Them Have Then Been Compiled. These Sub-topics Include Subjects Such As Jurisprudence (Fiqh), Ethics, Beliefs And Other Specific Subjects, But The Main Source Of Information Are The Four Genuine Books. The Ahle Sunnah Scholars Have Also Done A Compilation Of The Traditions Of The Holy Prophet (s.a.w.s) In A Collection Of Six Books Which Are Known As “Sahih Sitta”. On The Other Hand, The Books Of Traditions Compiled By The Efforts Of The Shia Scholars Are Referred To As “Kutub-e-Arba” (Four Books). One Is The Usool-e-Kaafi, Which Was Compiled By Late Sheikh Kulayni;, The Second Book, Which Was Compiled By Last Sheikh Sadooq Is “Man La Yazharul Faqeeh”, Which Is A Collection Of Traditions Handed Down To Us From The Holy Imams;. Then There Are Two Other Books Of Traditions, Which Were Compiled By Sheikh Toosi, Called The “Tahzeeb Wa Istibsaar” Which Is Also A Collection Of The Traditions Of The Infallibles.

1.         Kitab Al-Kafi Of Kulayni (divided Into Usul Al-Kafi, Furu Al-Kafi And Rawdat Al-Kafi)

2.         Man La Yahdhuruhu’l Faqih Of Shaikh Sadooq

3.         Tahdhib Al-Ahkam By Abu Ja’far Al-Tusi

4.         Al-Istibsar By Abu Ja’far Al-Tusi

Apart From These, There Are Other Collections That Are Also Directly Derived From The Holy Imams (a.s) Like The Nahjul Balagha And Other Books Of Traditions. All These Together

prove That A Big Treasure Of Narration And Traditions From The Infallibles Is Present With Us And These Are Termed As The Collection Of Narrations. Amongst All These, Nahjul Balagha Has Its Own Distinct Position. Another Kind Of Sayings Available From The Infallibles Are Compiled As Supplications (Dua) And Whispered Prayers (Munajaat) Which Are Not Under The Title Of Narrations And Traditions. In This Regards Too, Many Collections Are Present And Shia Scholars Have Taken A Lot Of Pains In This Context As Well. Unlike Traditions, The Efforts Of Shia Scholars Have Been Greater In This Context, Which Means That The Treasure Of Sup- Plications From The Infallibles Present With Sunni Scholars Is Much Less As Compared To The Volume Of Compilations Done By Shia Scholars. There Are Many Of These Books, Which Includes The Four Well-known Books, But The Books Of Supplications Are Greater Than These Four Books. There Is A Book By Late Syed Ibne Taoos, “Iqbal –ul- Aamaal”, Which Has Supplications And Whispered Prayers Coming From The Infallibles (a.s). There Is Another Compilation Of Collections Of Supplications By The Infallibles (a.s) By Sheikh Bahai Called The “Mafatihul Falah” (Key Of Prosperity). Similarly There Is A Book “Misbah” Compiled By Late Qummi, But Topping The List Is Sahifa E Sajjadia, Which Has Come From Imam Zainul Abideen (a.s). Thus We See That There Are Two Sets Of Collections; First The Collection Of Traditions, Narrations And Sayings; And Second The Collection Of Supplications (Dua’s And Munajaat).

It Is Important To Know That There Is A Difference Between Supplication (Dua) And Whis- Pered Prayers (Munajaat) Though We Refer To Supplication (Dua), Pleading (Sawaal) And Whispered Prayers (Munajaat) All As “Dua”. Although We Term “Dua” As “Dua” And Mu- Najaat Also As “Dua” And “Sawaal” (pleading) Also As “Dua”; There Is No Harm In Saying So, But We Should Know That They Are Different. Since This Is Not Our Subject Of Discussion You Can Refer To Our Other Books Where This Difference Has Been Specified.

There Is Also A Third Collection Which Has Come To Us From The Infallibles And Is Present Amongst Us. The First Two Collections Are Introduced To The Scholars, But Are Untouched By The People, Which Means For Ordinary People They Are Still Unknown. Although We Like Things, We Do Not Use Them, But This Does Not Make Them Inexistent. We Have This Belief That By Using Things They Become Old And Second Hand. We Have Made Full Attempts To Ensure That These Books Of Traditions And Collections Of Supplications Should Not Become Second Hand, Thereby Preserving It To Remain First Hand Till Date. These Books Are Only Re- Ferred To By Scholars And Ordinary People Are Not Allowed To Touch Them, As Scholars Cau- Tion The People Not To Do So In Order To Retain Their Value And Not Become Second Hand.

The Third Collection Associated With The Infallibles And This Great Treasure Which Has Come From Them And Present With Us, Are The Ziarats (Testimonials For Visits). This Collection Of Ziarats (testimonial) Has Been Transferred To Us From The Imams (a.s) And There Are Many Ziarats Related To Specific Events And Occasions. Some Of The Essential Ziarats (testimoni- Als) Have Been Emphasized Upon All Believers, So As To Always Keep Them Connected And Concerned With The Ziarats. One Is Ziarat-e-Jaame- Kabeer (The Big Comprehensive Testi- Monial) Which Is An Excellent Ziarat.

Amongst The Supplications And Whispered Prayers (Munajaat), There Are Some, Which Are Heavily Emphasized Upon To Be Recited On Various Occasions, Such As Dua-e-Kumayl. In The Munajaats, There Is The Famous Munajaat-e-Ameerul Momineen (a.s) And The Mu- Najaat-e-Shabaniya Both Of Which Are Present In Mafatihul-Jinan. Similarly In The Ziarats Too, A Very Famous And Well Known Ziarat, Ziarat-e-Jaame-Kabeer Should Be Read Strictly On Every Specific Occasion. This Ziarat Is Generally Present In All The Books Of Ziarat And Also In Mafatihul Jinan While It Is Also Available In Other Separately Printed Formats. Then There Are Other Ziarat’s Like Ziarat-e-Waritha, Ziarat-e-Aale Yasin, Ziarat-e-Ameenullah And Ziarat-e-Nahiya, All Of Which Are Available In Common Books Of Ziarat’s And Also As Individually Printed Books. Also Amongst All These Is The Ziarat-e-Ashura Which Has Been Narrated By The Infallibles (a.s).

There Are Certain Scholarly Discussions Around This Subject, Which Is Not Required To Be Mentioned Here At Length, To Avoid Boredom. However, In Certain Minds These Scholarly Thoughts Prevail, As To The Authenticity Of These Ziarats. What Is The Narration? Who Was The Narrator? Is The Narration Authentic Or Not? There Are Also Certain Doubts On The Sub- Ject Matter Of These Ziarats In The Minds Of People. These Questions Are Also Applicable For The Two Previously Discussed Collections Of Traditions And Supplications, But Since They Are Not Our Subject Of Discussion We Won’t Touch Them, Though It Is Necessary To Recognize Them. It Is Important To Know How These Collections Of Traditions And Supplications Came Into Existence. How Were They Compiled? What Chapters Are Present Inside Them And What Kind Of Association Should We Have With Traditions, Narrations And Supplications? All These Should Be Discussed But Since Our Subject Of Discussion Is Ziarat, That Too Specifically An Exposition Of Ziarat-e-Ashura I Will Briefly Mention About This Third Collection So That Our Minds Get Acquainted With The Atmosphere Before We Enter This Testimonial.